Pelancaran Dasar Teknologi Hijau Negara dan Perasmian Bangunan Baru Pusat Tenaga Manusia
Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh dan Selamat Sejahtera,
1. Bersyukur kita ke hadrat Allah S.W.T. kerana dengan limpah kurnia dan izinNya, dapat kita semua berkumpul pada petang ini. Saya amat gembira kerana dapat bersama dengan tuan-tuan dan puan-puan di satu majlis yang amat bermakna bagi pertumbuhan sektor teknologi hijau negara kita, dan saya mengucapkan berbanyak-banyak terima kasih kepada Kementerian Tenaga, Teknologi Hijau dan Air di atas kejayaannya menghasilkan Dasar teknologi hijau negara yang bakal dilancarkan pada hari ini.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
2. I am delighted to be here today for the launching of Malaysia’s Green Technology policy. The launching of this policy marks an important milestone in our country’s journey to the future, as we take cognizance of the need for better and more efficient use of technology which will also be less harmful to the environment. Moving ahead, I envision Green technology will play a very important role in charting our country’s development. It is for this reason that one of my immediate decisions after taking over as Prime Minister of Malaysia in April was to reform the former Ministry of Energy, Water and Communication and create the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water. The time has come for Malaysia to “go green”. Across the globe, there has been much talk about the need to adopt and embrace sustainable development and green technology best practices. Malaysia, being a country that appreciates greatly its natural diversity of flora and fauna, finds it particularly important that significant strides are made towards that end. The Government has earmarked Green Technology as a new driver for economic growth of the country as it offers enormous opportunities and immense potential in economic regeneration, innovation and wealth creation. It can create a revolutionary impact on our lives and reduce Malaysia’s carbon footprint while enhancing environmental sustainability.
3. Indeed, Green Technology deployed judiciously will deliver the double impact of accelerating our economic growth while addressing pressing environmental issues. Green technology will in fact have broad applications across different sectors such as in energy production, manufacturing, services and transport, to name a few. In addition, investing in a ‘green economy’ will increase the number of ‘green collar’ jobs to the labour force which in turn will further contribute to the strengthening of the economy.
Ladies and gentlemen,
4. The National Green Technology Policy that we are unveiling today is predicated on four primary pillars of Energy, Environment, Economy and Social perspective. Five main objectives underline the policy which are:
i. Decreasing growth of energy consumption while enhancing economic development;
ii. Facilitating growth of the Green Technology industry and enhancing its contribution to the national economy;
iii. Increasing national capability and capacity for innovation in Green Technology development and enhancing Malaysia’s Green Technology competitiveness in the global arena;
iv. Ensuring sustainable development and conserving the environment for future generations; and
v. Enhancing public education and awareness on Green Technology and encouraging its widespread use.
5. I am sure we are all aware that the world is constantly changing with new challenges emerging every day. As a developing nation, Malaysia must stand ready to meet those challenges whenever they arise. In the energy sector, an important part of our readiness must include a clear understanding of our long-term energy needs while being aware of the increasing scarcity of supply from natural sources. No doubt, fossil fuels may still be our predominant source of energy for a few more decades but in times to come this may well change, as oil and gas are finite resources and eventually the world may literally run out of them.
6. Between now and 2030, global primary energy consumption is expected to rise by 1.6% per annum or 45% in total in the next 21 years. Here in Malaysia, electricity demand is forecasted to reach 18,947 megawatts (MW) in 2020 and 23,092 megawatts (MW) in 2030. This is an increase of almost 35% from the 14,007 megawatts (MW) figure we have in 2008.
7. Fortunately the government has for some time recognized the dangers of depleting fuel sources, and have since the early 1980s introduced various policies to manage the situation. These include the National Depletion Policy to safeguard the exploitation of natural oil reserves and the Four Fuel Diversification Policy which was designed to focus on four primary energy resources: oil, gas, hydropower and coal. Under the Eighth Malaysia Plan, the Fifth Fuel Policy was unveiled, which aims to diversify energy resources for power generation. Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, mini-hydro, biomass, biogas and geothermal are expected to grow by 116 times in uptake between now to 2030 when the new roadmap which features the Feed-in Tariff mechanism for renewable energy takes off under the 10th Malaysia Plan.
8. At the same time we are putting emphasis on the need to use energy efficiently. As I understand it, the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water is currently drafting the Energy Efficiency Master Plan as another strategy that would enable to us to stretch our energy resources for a longer period of time. Diversifying our energy resources by exploring alternative sources would ensure our energy security and prepare us against any shortages now and in the future.
Ladies and gentlemen,
9. The National Green Technology Policy comprises five strategic thrusts. The first thrust is aimed at strengthening the institutional frameworks especially among Government Ministries, agencies, private sectors and other stakeholders. To this end, processes for implementation must be put in place. For this purpose the government intends to establish the Green Technology Council for high-level coordination among Government Ministries, agencies, private sectors and key stakeholders for effective implementation of the Green Technology policies. This Council would be chaired by myself as Prime Minister and Y.A.B. Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin as Deputy Prime Minster would be my alternate. The Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water will be the focal point to coordinate and facilitate the role of all stakeholders for the successful implementation of the Green Technology roadmap.
10. The Second Strategic thrust aims to provide a conducive environment for Green Technology Development. This includes the introduction and implementation of innovative economic instruments as well as the establishment of effective fiscal and financial mechanisms to support the growth of green industries. We are all aware that not everyone is familiar with the various business opportunities of the Green Economy, therefore it is important that the understanding of these local players be strengthened through various enhancement programmes. We are planning for greater promotion of foreign direct investments (FDI) on green technology to foster domestic direct investments (DDIs) and local industry participation.
11. Indeed, It is one of our biggest hope to make Malaysia a regional hub for green technology particularly for renewable energy such as solar photovoltaics (i.e. the use of solar cells for energy by converting solar power directly to electricity). I am pleased to announce that we have already up to June 2009, attracted almost RM 12 billion worth of investments from the solar photovoltaics industry through FDIs from top companies such as First Solar, SunPower, Q-Cells and Tokuyama. The existence of these companies have and will continue to create a spill-over effect on to the local industry players thus encouraging greater domestic direct investments and expanding the pool of highly skilled and trained local workers in the country.
12. At the same time, we must ensure that we have skilled, qualified, competent and productive human resources as this is a crucial factor for Green Technology development. Hence, Strategic Thrust 3 will seek to intensify human capital development by availing training and education programmes and by providing financial packages and incentives for students embarking on green technology related subjects. The Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water and the Ministry of Higher Education together with the Ministry of Human Resources will make available a system for a formulation of grading and certification mechanisms for competent personnel in Green Technology. This would help build our skilled and semi-skilled human capacity for green technology industries to prosper in the country.
Ladies and gentlemen
13. Research and Development is greatly important in any field, but R&D results will remain inconsequential as long as they remain on bookshelves and stay un-commercialized. Thus Strategic Thrust 4, of the Green Technology Policy is to Intensify Green Technology Research and Innovation towards commercialization. To facilitate research and innovations there is of course a need to provide financial grants or assistance to the public and private sectors. There is also a need to enhance smart partnerships as well as to establish effective coordination between agencies and Centres of Excellences in green technology. We need to also establish networks and collaborations with international leading research organisations and agencies to escalate development of new technologies and innovations on green technology between local and leading international researchers. In the long run this will increase our competitiveness in the international markets. To achieve all this incentives will be offered, the details of which will be announced in due course.
14. The final thrust is for green technology to move forward is grounded on strong promotion and public awareness. Green technology is a new sector for the country and not many people could relate well to this subject. I believe a policy can only succeed when there is wide-spread acceptance. Hence, the government will embark on a focused effort to increase public awareness so that the development of green technology would be well received by all members of the society. There will be promotion, education and information dissemination to create the buy-in of the public to support the ‘green economy’ and adopt ‘green practices’ as part of their lifestyle. Under this thrust, the Government will lead by example by adopting Green Technology in government facilities.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
15. In conjunction with the unveiling of the Green Technology Policy today, I have also been asked to formally launch the Pusat Tenaga Malaysia’s iconic building which stands in front of us. It is a source of pride for Malaysia as the PTM building was designed and built as a natural follow up to the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water’s Low Energy Office (LEO) objectives.
16. The Low Energy Office is a building with a significantly lower Building Energy Index performance which was conceived even before the question of promoting sustainable buildings was widely adopted. The cost premium for the LEO Building was only 10% to achieve electricity use reduction of over 50%, giving a simple payback period of only about 8 years at the pre-2006 electricity tariffs. At today’s electricity tariffs the payback period would be only about 5 years. Moreover, the cost premium for the energy efficient (EE) technologies employed for the LEO building have also declined and some have become the standard norm.
17. I have been informed that the PTM’s Building Energy Index (BEI) of 65 Kilowatt hour per square-meter per year (kWh/m2/year) is the lowest for any comparable office building in Malaysia. Additionally, the Photovoltaics systems which are incorporated as the building material and architecture generate about 50% of its total electricity consumption, giving it an even lower net BEI of 30 kWh/m2/year. The PTM building’s performance shows to what extent efficient use of electricity, coupled with local electricity generation from solar photo-voltaic systems, can be exploited to minimise energy use in air-conditioned office buildings. This building project had been developed as an experimental project using “cutting edge Energy Efficient technologies” to achieve its low net building energy index. These EE technologies were not fully “cost-effective” at the time of design, but will be so in a few years as the EE technologies’ cost premiums decline and electricity prices escalate. I am also told that some of these technologies are produced locally and that their cost premium has also declined from the days when they were incorporated into the PTM building. This is a welcome development indeed and clearly shows the wisdom of “going Green” in the construction of this building.
18. I am pleased to name Pusat Tenaga Malaysia’s building the Green Energy Office or GEO. And I am also extremely pleased to announce today that PTM GEO is the first Green Building Index (GBI) rated building in Malaysia. The GBI is the Malaysian initiative by our professional bodies, namely PAM (Persatuan Akitek Malaysia) and ACEM (Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia), together with the building industry to enable green grading and certification of Malaysian buildings. To further promote and encourage GBI and Green Technology applications, some interesting incentives in relation to that may be in the pipeline, but I will not say much more on it, until perhaps we unveil the National budget in a few months. Indeed the possibilities for green technology are quite numerous, and I hope that all Malaysians, from individuals to corporations will enthusiastically embrace this Green initiative and work together to make a name for Malaysia as a model of widespread green technology adoption.
Sekian, terima kasih.
Wabillahi Taufiq Walhidayah Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.